Ranked Choice Voting

Maine:

LD 1083, “An Act To Implement Ranked-choice Voting for Presidential Primary and General Elections in Maine,” has been introduced by Senate President Troy Jackson (D-Allagash). This landmark legislation would replace Maine’s caucus with a primary for the presidential nominating process and expand our state’s first-in-the-nation Ranked Choice Voting law to include both the primary and general elections for President of the United States.”

“Senator Jackson’s bill is the solution for the crowded 2020 Democratic presidential primary and the three-way general election for President of the United States. Maine can lead the way in changing the way we elect the next President of the United States with urgent action on Senator Jackson’s bill to expand this voter-approved reform.” – Kyle Bailey, Campaign Manager for The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting 2020.” rcvmaine.com – MO 2019-08-20

“… LD 1083, to adopt Ranked Choice Voting for President, passed with strong majority support in both the Maine Senate (vote of 20 to 14) and the Maine House (vote of 86 to 59)…. The bill SHOULD be going to the Governor — EXCEPT that… opponents used a procedural maneuver to carryover LD 1083 rather than have it sent to the Governor…. LD 1083 is NOT dead. [There is a good…] chance to get it passed when the Legislature meets again this summer to address the Governor’s vetoes and bond packages:  “House Speaker Sara Gideon and Senate President Troy Jackson need to hear from you. They need to know that you want them to overcome insider politics and pass Ranked Choice Voting for President in time for 2020. Call and email them today to express your disappointment. Ask them to lead the Legislature to do right by the Maine people: House Speaker Sara Gideon, (207) 287-1300, sara.gideon@legislature.maine.gov Senate President Troy Jackson, (207) 287-1500, troy.jackson@legislature.maine.gov ” – via RCVMaine.org MO 2019-06-22

New York City

New York City: The opportunity to choose Ranked Choice Voting in New York City’s municipal elections will appear on the NYC ballot this Fall held on Tuesday, November 5th, 2019.  
This is a positive move for election reform and should be promoted and encouraged in order for it to be passed in the coming election.  If it passes, it will substantially expand the total number of voters in the United States that have the opportunity to participate in RCV.  This would move the city towards more candidates who are focused on a broad array of the constituents rather than just a particular narrow-interest sector.  Typical results are: 1) less negative campaigning, 2) no ‘spoiler’ candidates who displace the common favorite, 3) greater voter turnout, 4) ultimate voter satisfaction with the election process, and 5) no run-off elections.
The 2019 City Charter Revision Commission, after a series of public meetings and input from related experts, chose five major areas for change.  Listed first is Elections (Ranked Choice Voting), followed by changes in the Civilian Complaint Review Board (explanation of deviations from disciplinary recommendations), Governance (Public Advocate budget input), Budget (a rainy-day’ fund, and Land Use (more time for application reviews).
In voting on the proposed ballot items, the Commission had the opportunity to apply RCV to all municipal elections but voted to use RCV only in Primary and Special Elections.  An amendment to apply RCV to general elections as well was voted down in the Commission by 8 to 6.  The offices subject to RCV include: Mayor, Public Advocate, Comptroller, Borough President, and City Council Members.  Voters will be permitted to rank in order of preference up to five candidates in the primaries or special elections.  
How It Works:  if no candidate receives a majority of first-choice votes, the candidate with the least number of first-choice votes would be eliminated, and the voters who chose that candidate would have their votes transferred to their second-choice candidate.  If there were no majority, this process would repeat until two candidates remained, and the candidate with the most votes at that point would win the election.
This can be a positive step forward for election reform and we believe a contribution to getting our government working again.  Support it. 

New York City Council Staff recommends that the Commission further consider and solicit feedback concerning establishing RCV in New York City municipal elections. Specifically, the Commission should consider (a) which types of elections should be subject to RCV (i.e., primary elections, special elections, and/or general elections); (b) which offices should be subject to RCV; (c) when implementation should begin, including whether there should be any phase-in period; (d) whether to utilize a hybrid RCV/run-off system under which, for example, if no candidate receives more than 40% of the total ballots cast in the final tabulation round, the race proceeds to a traditional run-off; (e) how many candidates a voter may rank on the ballot; and (f) what type of tabulation method should be used.

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